Marijuana is derived from the cannabis plant. It may grow wild in many of the tropical and temperate areas of the world. But it can almost grow in any climate and is increasingly cultivated by indoor hydroponics technology. The main ingredient in cannabis is THC or tetrahydro-cannabinol. This is the part the plant that gives the user the high. Cannabis can be used in three main forms: hash, hash oil, or marijuana. Marijuana is made from the buds of the cannabis plant; it is the least potent of all the cannabis products and is usually smoked. It can also be cooked into a butter which is then ingested. Hash oil is the most potent of the cannabis products, it is thick oil obtained from hashish, and this can also be smoked.
When marijuana is smoked THC passes from the lungs into the bloodstream, this carries the THC to the brain and other organs. The body absorbs the chemical more slowly when ingested in food. Studies have shown that marijuana has the potential to cause problems in daily life or make a person’s existing problems worse. When used in heavy doses users report lower life satisfaction, poor mental and physical health, and less academic and career success. Marijuana use is associated with increased tardiness, and or absences, also increased worker compensation claims. When the use of marijuana begins in adolescence the effects may persist for many years. Research from different areas of the world show that marijuana use by young people can have long-lasting negative impact on the structure and or functionality of their brains.
Marijuana addiction can have a collection of negative short and long term effects, especially on cardiopulmonary and mental health. The short-term effects of using cannabis may include:
• Feeling of well-being
• Loss of inhibitions
• Increased appetite
• Loss of co-ordination
• Bloodshot eyes
• Dryness of the eyes, mouth, and throat
• Anxiety and paranoia
Marijuana raises the heart rate by 20 – 100 percent, this can last up to 3 hours after using. It was estimated that users have a 4.5 fold increase in the risk of heart attack in the first couple of hours after using the drug. Marijuana addiction is real contrary to what some may believe. 9% of users become addicted to marijuana, this number increases to 17% or 1 in 6 among the users who start using this drug at an early age, and among chronic users 25% become addicted.
Long-term marijuana users trying to quit all report marijuana withdrawal symptoms. Just like any drug, regular use of marijuana leads to building a tolerance. That means the more you use to achieve a previous high the higher your risks are or having marijuana withdrawal symptoms or becoming addicted. There are two signs that you are becoming addicted to marijuana. If you tell yourself you’re only going to take a couple of hits and end up smoking the whole joint, or you try to stop smoking but you find yourself justifying why it’s all right to get high when you’re trying to quit. Marijuana is commonly used as a coping mechanism in teens and adults. If you’re feeling like the only way to handle a problem is to get high you are most likely addicted. Chronic use of marijuana will eventually develop into a serious marijuana addiction. A marijuana detox after long-term use can mean withdrawal symptoms that are not too pleasant. To recover from marijuana addiction drug rehabilitation is necessary.