Methamphetamine addiction is the state in which a dependent is physically and/or mentally addicted to the substance methamphetamine. Methamphetamine is a very addictive stimulant that is closely related to amphetamine. Methamphetamines are long lasting and toxic to dopamine nerve terminals in the central nervous system. Methamphetamine is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting powder which can be taken orally, by snorting or injecting.
Where cocaine, however, is largely seen as an urban drug, speed is best known at present as a particular problem in small town and rural communities. The drug is comparatively cheap and easy to make, easy to transport and trade, providing a fast high.
Methamphetamine is a stimulant related in family to other amphetamines. Like cocaine, speed molecules cross the blood-brain barrier and proceed to trigger a reversal in the flow of dopamine and norepinephrine. This, in turn, starts a chain reaction that then causes these two biochemicals to remain in high concentrations in the brain, causing an intense rush of euphoria.
The user experiences a high, as intense feelings of power, ability, confidence, energy, excitement and giddiness. Feelings of megalomania aren’t uncommon. Appetite is decreased and weight loss is not only common but also classic, with severely addicted users often being reduced to near skeletal levels of starvation. Malnutrition is common, as speed not only tricks users into self-starvation, but it also disturbs the absorption of nutrients. Teeth are lost, and bones warped as calcium is leached from the body.
Methamphetamines can have serious health implications, especially as Amphetamine use can quickly lead to a long term and heavy addiction.
Harmful effects associated with Amphetamine use are:
• Lowering your immune system making you more susceptible to illness
• Raising your blood pressure and increases heart rate – amphetamine abuse has been linked to heart attacks
• Collapsed veins from injecting
• Contracting HIV/AIDS or Hepatitis B and C
• Developing eating disorders
• Dramatic weight loss
• Heavy use can increase the chance of Parkinson’s disease
• High risk of overdose with stronger amounts such as base or Crystal Meth
• Mixing speed and alcohol can be fatal
Speed is a highly addictive drug that contains numerous withdrawal effects. Withdrawal symptoms of speed primarily consist of the following feelings or ailments:
• Mental Fatigue
• Mental Depression
• Increased agitation
• Excessive sleep
• Vivid or Lucid Dreams
• Suicidal Thoughts
• Increased Appetite
The severity of these symptoms will depend on the length of time and the amount of speed used; for occasional use these symptoms will last for days to weeks or even months when associated with chronic use.
Recovery from a methamphetamine addiction begins with detoxification. Here, the addict stops taking meth and the body learns to adjust to the absence of the drug. Many meth addicts don’t feel unpleasant physical symptoms during withdrawal stages of meth use. While a heroin addict or an alcoholic might face significant risk of seizures or other life-threatening problems during detoxification, a meth addict needs more sleep more food and time to relax during detoxification. When this process is complete, the addict is ready to enter a rehabilitation program.